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Zoom the high resolution Anteiquae Urbis Imago at the bottom of this page. Click the arrows to see the image full screen.

Illustration from B. Gamucci, Le Antichità della Città di Roma, 1580
Until the late 16th century, the vestiges of an elusive imperial monument, commonly known as the Septizonium or Septizodium (Figure 1), stood at the foot of the SE corner of the Palatine Hill where the Via Appia reached the Circus Maximus. The…

Figure 1. Septizonium entry from de Rossi, Ritratto di Roma Antica, 1654 (source:
see also Septizonium Vetus for the Severan nymphaeum at the southeastern corner of the Palatine Hill (map plate 7) Funus Getae accuratius fuisse dicitur quam eius qui fratri videretur occisus. Inlatusque est maiorum sepulchro, hoc est Severi, quod…

Misidentification of the Amphitheatrum Castrense<br />
The Amphitheatrum Castrense was once erroneously identified as the Amphitheater of Statilius Taurus (source: F. de Rossi, Ritratto di Roma antica nel quale sono figurati [Rome 1654])
The Amphitheatrum Castrense was constructed by the emperor Elagabalus (r. 217-222 C.E.) as part of an imperial residential complex, the so-called Sessorian Palace, which also included the adjacent Circus Varianus. This elliptical arena was modeled on…
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